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Roxburghshire map

The old market town of Jedburgh is in south central Roxburghshire and is the first town that travelers encounter as they come into Scotland. The Augustinian Abbey - one of the four Border Abbeys - is a prominent presence in the town. The surrounding parishes are: Ancrum to the north, Crailing on the north-east, Oxnam on the east, Edgerston to the south, Southdean & Abbotrule to the south-west and Hobkirk and Bedrule on the west.

The modern parish of Jedburgh also includes Edgerston.

During a vist to Jedburgh in 1566, Mary, Queen of Scots visted James, Earl of Bothwell who was lying seriously wounded in Hermitage Castle. She was nursed in Mary, Queen of Scots House after this adventure. In 1823 a new gaol was built on the site of the medieval castle. Built in 1820, it is the only remaining example left in Scotland of a Howard Reform prison and is now a museum.

One of Hutton's Unconformities can be found at Inchbonny to the south of Jedburgh.

Old Parish Records cover the periods:

  • Births: 1634 to 1854.
  • Marriages: 1629 to 1854.
  • Deaths: 1652 (one entry)and 1758 to 1854.
Jedburgh Parish Church Jedburgh Parish Church

Local Pictures

Sales List

Gravestone inscriptions at Jedburgh Abbey have been transcribed but not yet published.

See our sales list for full details and cost of postage.

Volumes available for consultation within our Archive

Magazine Articles;

Please note that the heading Author includes persons who have compiled or transcribed records; and that the topics indexed, and the synopses are subjective opinions.
See the Sales List to buy copies of the magazines containing articles in which you're interested.

Title Synopsis Size Description Issue No Author
William Lorrain-Borders SchoolmasterDuring the last war attics were cleared of paper and, from an attic in Jedburgh there appeared a collection of papers concerning the Rector of Jedburgh Grammar School, William Lorrain.less than 1 page 27Audrey Mitchell 
Records of a Noble Life - Rev Archibald William Murray 1811 to 1892Born in Jedburgh, he was a missionary to Samoa and New Guinea, afterwards living in Australia till his death.3 pages or more 58Ronald Morrison 
Jedburgh Place NamesNotes on a book 'Jedburgh Place Names' put together by Society member, Norrie McLeish, from articles written by George Watson.less than 1 page 81 
The Silk Mill Jedburgh: The Story of the North British Rayon Factory 1928 -1956 A review of the book of the same title written by Norrie McLeish.less than 1 page 92 
Castlewood Cemetery JedburghA note on the stones at Castlewood Cemetery Jedburgh and the transcribing of them.less than 1 page 95 
Australian deaths recorded in Hawick Advertiser part 2 1874-1890Deaths in the Hawick Advertiser, it also covers other parts of the Borders.4 pages or more 37Marjorie Gavin 
MapsBrief notes about Borders maps available from the Society, and on the Internet.1 page or more 43Peter Munro 
Totties in SwedenNote about Thomas Tottie, from Jedburgh, born in 1664, a tobacco manufacturer, extracted from Th. A. Fischer’s The Scots in Sweden (Edinburgh, 1907).less than 1 page 60 
Death of Mr Alexander Jeffrey, SolicitorObituary that originally appeared in the Jedburgh Gazette and Border Courier in 1874. Alexander Jeffrey was a well-known Jedburgh antiquarian and historian.2 pages or more 62 
Jedburgh Border Games, 1919Cannon-fire at 6am signalled the start of the Games. Has notes of winners of various events.1 page or more 63John Murray 
Jethart JockA follow up to article in magazine no. 86 regarding the identity of Jethart Jock.1 page or more 91 
Great grandfather's ClockReport on the history of a clock from Jedburgh from about the beginning of the 19th. century and its subsequent historyless than 1 page 92Joan Gooding 
Swan Family of Jedburgh and KelsoRecollections by the author's grandmother of life in Jedburgh and Kelso in the early twentieth century.less than 1 page 94John Falconer Swan 
The Blaikup Stone - A Mystery Finally Solved? - PossiblyA plaque referring to the nearby Blaikup Stone is located a few yards south of Allerley Well Part gates on the A68 (old turnpike road), and is marked on the John Ainslie map of 1770. Reference to a Blakehope stone in 1731 being on the boundary of the Inchbonny Braes. The purpose of the original stone is suggested - religious site marker, boundary marker, used for punishment (stoning, flogging, beheading), penitent stool, gate post, marker for water. The original stone no longer exists it seems.2 pages or more 106Chris Veitch 
Vice-Admiral Sir Alastair EwingFollowing the appeal for more information on Vice-Admiral Sir Alastair Ewing in Issue 106 (June 2021), the author has updated the story based on additional documents received. Born in West Nisbet 1909 of Ian Alastair Ewing (farmer) and Muriel-Adele Carlyle-Child. Alastair's early years show he was educated at the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, rising steadily through the ranks with his first command in 1940 with further mentions in dispatches in 1941, and service in the Arctic convoys. He married Diane Smeed Archer (1940) and had a son David Alastair (1941). Alastair rose through the ranks in the Admiralty and was knighted in 1959. He retired in 1962 and died May 1997 in Winchester, but was buried at Jedburgh Abbey. The summary includes what happened to his sister Elizabeth Helen, and his parents story, and Muriel his wife. and his family history as far back as the late 1700s.3 pages or more 107Ronald Morrison 
Annals of the Jed ValleyBook review. Author: Norrie McLeish. Tracing the history of the Jedburgh area from Roman times.less than 1 page 111Ronald Morrison 
Old Emigrant’s DiariesExtract from diary of Margaret Charteris, wife of Thomas Hinshelwood, emigrant from Jedburgh, ship ‘Nebo’, to Queensland, in 1883.4 pages or more 40Jane Gibson 
Border MurdersThis is a stroll around the Borders looking into, with some depth, the murders in the 1800s.2 pages or more 32Norrie McLeish 
The Parish of LanglandsThe parish of Langlands and the history of old leper hospital at Rutherford. Also the history of Langton that was absorbed into Wilton.3 pages or more 35Michael Langlands 
Rev. Robert Douglas, 1747-1820 The father of GalashielsThe Rev. Robert Douglas, minister of Galashiels, 1747-1820, was a man of great ability and served his parishioners so well he was called "The Father of Galashiels".2 pages or more 37Donald Whyte 
Thomas Davidson (1838-1870), Scottish poetSome notes on the life of Thomas Davidson, poet born in Jedburgh.2 pages or more 85Nick Hide 
James Stevenson, Procurator Fiscal JedburghReport on notes and papers received relating to the life of James Stevenson for approximately 60 years from 1827 Procurator Fiscal in Jedburghless than 1 page 92 
A Forgotten Jedburgh FamilyAn account of the name Hilson in Jedburgh and the history of the firm of James Hilson and Sons, woollen manufacturers.3 pages or more 97Norrie McLeish 
Letter to the Editor - Rob the Yirl, JedburghA request for identification of an old postcard photo of an old bearded drummer in a top hat, captioned "Rob the Yirl" Jedburgh. Postmarked Jedburgh, MY 31 04less than 1 page 101Tom Maxwell 
Rob the Yirl of JedburghAn account of an interview with Rob the Yirl of Jedburgh (born Robert Turnbull), a miller then chimney sweep, who occasionally was a town crier, drummer and bell ringer. His mother Mary Gray (maiden name Smeaton born Eccles); his father Adam Turnbull living in Jedburgh. Rob married Elizabeth Hunter. Photographs of Rob the Yirl included.1 page or more 103Editor 
The Archives and Collections of Robert Smail's Printing WorksA summary of the Smail family and the development of the printing works in Innerleithen. John Smail arrived first and operated a woollen mill for several years before emigrating to Otago, to produce the first tweed in New Zealand. Robert arrived around 1857 setting up a small shop in Bond Street as a shoemaker, but also selling books and stationery. The arrival of the railway in 1866 an ambitious Robert branched out into printing like his brother Thomas in Jedburgh. He purchased a shop and workshop on High Street, run by the power from water wheels on the lade. The successful business was inherited by his 3 sons James, Robert Cowan and Adam James in 1890. Adam and James also worked as travelling salesmen in the Borders area. Robert Cowan's son inherited Cowan was the last generation to inherit the business, and was lucky to sell the works through the National Trust for Scotland through Maurice Richards who happened to visit Innerleithen. The archives contain historical local newspapers, shipping records, photographs, order (guard) books; a detailed inventory is close to completion at the tine of writing. Guided tours are available.4 pages or more 106Rachel May 
Newspapers published in the BordersBorder newspapers published in the Borders, 65 in total.2 pages or more 5Peter Elliot 
James Veitch - Border AstronomerShort extract of a talk given by Mr. Bill Veitch to the Society on the 15th of May 1994.less than 1 page 26Bill Veitch 
From the Scottish Borders to South AustraliaAn account of the lives of William Oliver his wife Elizabeth Turnbull who were married at Jedburgh in1833 who emigrated to South Australia, their family and subsequent life, Contains much genealogy and notes on the Oliver DNA project.5 pages or more 78Ruth Oliver 
The Olivers of Jed ValleyA History of the Olivers of the Jed Valley tracing their history from the earliest of times with reference to some of the more famous and infamous.6 pages or more 85Norrie McLeish 
Family History RecordsAn archivist from the Heritage Hub in Hawick discusses a range of records that can be used to provide a fuller picture of our ancestors5 pages or more 70Juline Baird 
The Chisholms: Highland Names in the Borders?This is not just about the Chisholms, it delves into place names in the Borders, why they changed their names and the Highland connections.4 pages or more 28Michael Robson 
James Watson (Author and Historian of Jedburgh Abbey)Account of the life of James Watson, weaver, grocer, poet and writer of Jedburgh, the author's great grandfather, his descendants, and emigration to USA and Canada.10 pages or more 68Rachel (Thomson) Falldien 
Snowstorm in the CheviotsA young shepherd gets lost in the snow and is frozen to death. There's also a specification for shepherds boots.2 pages or more 69Jean Fleming 
New Collections at the Heritage HubCounty council records, diaries and estate papers were identified amongst the backlog of uncatalogued material at the Scottish Borders Archive.4 pages or more 69Juline Baird 
Convicts Transported to Western Australia in 1858 aboard the 'Edwin Fox'A list of Scottish convicts transported to Australia on the "Edwin Fox". Reprinted from Bedfordshire Family History Society Journal2 pages or more 70Lynn Manning 

Map of Jedburgh from UK Great Britain, Ordnance Survey one-inch to the mile (1:63,360), 'Hills' edition, 1885-1903
by kind permission of the National Library of Scotland.
Use the control at the top left of the map to zoom in or out and drag the map left, right, up, or down as you wish.

Map of Jedburgh from UK Ordnance Survey Historical Maps from 1919-1947
by kind permission of the National Library of Scotland.
Use the control at the top left of the map to zoom in or out and drag the map left, right, up, or down as you wish.

20 Most Common Surnames

The 20 most common surnames on gravestones recorded by us in the Jedburgh Castlewood & Galahill cemetery monumental inscriptions volume are (number of gravestones in brackets): Scott (121), Turnbull (80), Thomson (63), Oliver (58), Douglas (52), Young (49), Brown (46), Henderson (42), Elliot (40), Bell (38), Smith (38), Laidlaw (37), Hogg (35), Anderson (34), Robson (32), Rutherford (32), Hall (31), Wood (31), Wilson (30), Davidson (29).

Other Sources

Scottish Borders Archives, The Hub Hawick

School Records

Poor Law Records

The Scottish National Archives, Edinburgh


Jedburgh Parish Church (Ref - CH2/552)

Jedburgh Associate Congregational Church (Ref - CH3/350)

Jedburgh Relief Church (Ref - CH3/351)

Jedburgh Free Church

School Records



The following Newspapers were published in Jedburgh;

Hawick Archaeological Society

Berwickshire Naturalists' Club


Jedburgh Official Website.
Jedburgh on-line.
A 19th Century description of the Town Jedforest RFC Stobie's Map of Roxburghshire of 1770.
The RCAHMS website Scotland's Places contains details of;

Place and Farm names in Census Records;

1841 census: Jedburgh, Castle Gate, Canongate, Backgate, Townfoot, Pleasants, Bongate, Old Bridge End, Stewartfield, Chapmanside, Boundary Park, Boundaries, Kenmuir, Abbey Bridge End, Hindfield, Honeyfield, Inchbonny, Allars, Castle Hill, Glenburnhall, Bankhead, Cringlebank, Crailinghall, Crailighall Mill, Birneyrig, Cragshiel, Samiston, Renniston, Harden Peel, Nether Wells, Over Wells, Pityme, Thickside, Over Wells, Scraesburgh, Fendiehall, Mossburnford, Kersheugh, Farniehirst Mill, Farniehirst, Lochend, Howden, Hunthill, Todlaw, Lanton, Lantonhill, Slatehouse, Hopehouse, Willies Crook, Monklaw, Timpendean, Lightpipehall, Hundalee, Graypeel, Linthaughlee, Blackburn, Linthaugh, Fair's Houses, Deep Cleugh, Longlee, Gilliestongues, Swinnie, Swinnie Bar, Swinnie Moorfoot, Dunion, Larkhall, Glenburnhall, Lantonpark, Broomhall, Lantonhall, Bonjedd, Sharplaw, Ancrum Bridge, Round Haugh, Jerdonfield, Bonjedward, Mountholly, Woodend, Newmill, Bonjed Mill, Walkersknow, Walkmill, Jedfoot, Union Mount, Ulston, Old Hall, Stewartfield, Edgerston, Rink, Rigg, Camphouse, Camptown, Earlsheugh, Old Jeddart, Tifts, Tofts, Brundenlaws, Shielknow, Lamblairknowes, Arks, Huntford Shaw, Broombanks, Hawse.

1851 census: Jedburgh, Townhall, Old Jale, Paradise Vale, Friars, Anna Cottage, Barracks, Pleasants, Bongate,Old Bridge End, Boundaries, Abbey Bridge, Cannongate, Bongate Mill, New Bongate, Jedbank, Bankend, Hindhousefield, Kenmuir, Allars Bank, Kenmuir, Inch Bonny, Allars Mill, Castle Wood, Glenburn, Annfield, Howden, Hunthill, Thickside, Overwells, Netherwells, Cringle Bank, Crailinghall, Samieston, Berneyrig, Rannieston, Hardenpeel, Scraesburgh, Fendyhall, Mossburnford, Kerrsheugh, Ferneyherst, Lightpipehall,, Hundalee, Hundalee Mill, Todlaw, Lighthaughlee, Lighthaugh, Blackburn, Langlee, Gilliestongues, Swinnie, Moorfoot, Larkhall, Glenburnhall, Glenburn Square, Lanton, East Parks, Wet Parks, Lanton Hill, Lanton Craig, Scleted House, Hopehouse, Monklaw, Broomhall, Weaselton, Timpendean, Broomknoll, Lanton Hall, Lanton Mill, Sharplaw Mains, Sharplaw, Check Bar, Jerdonfield, Bonjedward, Townhead, Jedfoot, Mountholy, Walkersknow, New Mill, Woodend, Old Hall, Ulston, Wester Ulston, Esater Ulston, Pettymee, Wildcatgate, Tofts, Brundenlaws, Shielknows, Lamblair Know, Broombanks, Edgerston Rig, Rink, Camptown, Earlsheugh, Old Jeddart.

1861 census: Hunthill, Howden, Royal burgh, The Prison, Lochend, Annfield, Over & Nether Wells, Cringlebank, Crailinghall, Old Hall, Samieston, Birneyrig, Renniston, Pleasants, Hardenpeel, Scraesburgh, Mossburnford, Kersheugh, Ferniehurst, Todlaw, Scaurs, Lightpipe Hall, Hundalee, Linthaugh, Langlee, Gilliestongues, Swinnie, Larkhall, Glenburn, Lanton Village, Tudhope, Monklaw, Timpendean, Old Hall, Hartrigge, Pityme, Ulston, Mounthooly, Roundhaugh Bonejedward, Cleikhimin Toll, Sharplaw, Bongate, Kenmore, Allar Bank, Inchbonny, Union Poorhouse.


The population has been recorded as follows:

Roxburghshire map

Local Pictures

 Queen Mary
Queen Mary's House, Jedburgh

 Jedburgh from the South East
Jedburgh from the South East

 Jedburgh from Allerton
Jedburgh from Allerton (before 1904)

  Jedburgh Abbey
Jedburgh Abbey

 Jedburgh from Allerley Well Park
Jedburgh from Allerley Well Park

So far as we are aware, the copyright on these pictures has expired. However, if you wish us to remove the images and you can demonstrate that you hold the copyright, please contact us.